Students of all ages absorb information primarily through the use of rote learning. Memorization is critical for recalling certain concepts to learn more challenging material. Memorizing a multiplication table is an example of how rote learning can provide knowledge that can last you an entire lifetime. Multiplication tables, in particular, are a form of arithmetic taught throughout grade school. By the end of the fifth grade, students should have mastered multiplication tables spanning from zero to nine. There are quite a few tricks that are utilized to remember these multiplication tables well into adulthood.
Multiplying by Zero
Young students have a sense of relief once they come across a multiplication problem with zero. As the majority understand, any number multiplied by zero will produce a product of zero. This rule is relatively easy to remember and will make any future problems involving the multiplication of zero natural. Having your child complete a zero multiplication table should be enough to solidify this concept.
Multiplying by One
Similarly to zero, students usually let out another sigh of relief when they are required to multiply by one. When required to multiply a number by one, your child will realize that the product is equal to the other number. For example, if you multiply two by 1, the outcome will be equivalent to two. Memorizing the multiplication table for the number one is slightly more difficult than the multiplication table for zero. However, this difficulty resolves itself after your child realizes that this multiplication rule applies to any number.
Multiplying by Two Through Nine
The introduction of multiplication tables covering the numbers between two and nine increases the difficulty of multiplication substantially. While memorization works pretty quickly for zero and one, these integers require much more practice and the understanding of one primary principle. This principle refers to a concept known as repeated addition. Repeated addition’s definition is exactly as the phrase sounds. Addition replicated a specific amount of times is equivalent to multiplying a certain number of times. For example, three plus three is equivalent to multiplying three by two. You can give your child practice repeated addition problems that showcase the similarity between the two.
Once your child understands the concept of repeated addition, it is now time to begin working on the multiplication tables from two to nine. Another tip which helps for these tables pertains to the mirror effect of multiplication. Take four multiplied by five as a relatively tricky example for a child performing this operation for the first time. Four multiplied by five is merely four added to itself five times which equates to twenty.
Now, the mirror effect can be used to make this sort of problem intuitive for your child. Have your child hold up the number four with the left hand and the number five with the right hand in front of a mirror. Once they look in the mirror, they will understand that four times five is the same as five times four. If your child understands this concept, it will make learning multiplication a much easier endeavor for them.